Types of Trees & Care of Real Trees



Still a very popular Christmas tree. Needles can range from 1.5 inches to over 3 inches, depending on the original source of the tree seed, all of which are native to Europe. Excellent needle retention. Scotch pine usually take 7-9 years to reach 6-7 feet in height.




A soft, dark blue green needled true fir with a silvery underneedle. Grows best in cool, moist, well-drained soils. Needles are from 3/4 to 1 inch in length. Pleasing aroma, excellent needle retention and great "ship-ability" make this species one of the fastest growing Christmas trees in popularity with the public. Requires 7-10 years to reach the 6-7 foot height range. Native to Tennessee, Virginia and North Carolina.

White Pine                                                                                 Pinus strobes – soft, blue-green needles, 2 to 5 inches long; retains needles throughout the holiday season; very full appearance; little or no fragrance; no pollen to cause allergic reactions.

Care Instructions for Real Christmas Trees

•1. Make a fresh cut 1/2 in. to 1 in. from base of trunk before putting in stand. This will get rid of the section sealed off by sap and increase the tree’s water consumption

•2. Cut perpendicular to the tree trunk.

oDo not cut at an angle or into a V-shape, that will reduce the amount of water it takes up and make the tree more difficult to stabilize.

oDo not whittle the sides of trunk down to fit stand, the outer layers of wood are the most efficient in taking up water and should not be removed.

•3. Place tree in water as soon as possible.

oMost species can go 6-8 hours after cutting the trunk and still take up water.

o If needed, trees can be temporarily stored for several days in a cool location and with the freshly cut trunk placed in a bucket of water.

•4. Use a reservoir-type stand with sufficient water holding capability for tree. Generally, stands should provided 1 quart water per inch of tree trunk diameter.

•5. Refill and check stand daily to make sure level of water does not go below the base of tree. An average tree may consume between a quart and a gallon of water per day. Do not add anything to the water, it may clog pores reducing water uptake.

•6. Keep trees away from heat source (fireplaces, heaters, heat vents, direct sunlight), as they will increase the drying process.

© Fred Shearer 2012